Gingivitis is a very common disease of all ages. They cause discomfort to the patient. If left untreated, gingivitis can also seriously affect oral health. The most obvious signs of gingivitis and the way to prevent it are shared right away.
The signs of gingivitis are very recognizable
@ Red swollen gums & aches. This is the first sign that you often encounter. You will see gums where redness and slight swelling are present compared to healthy teeth. With that, you can see signs of discomfort and pain.
@Bleeding root of teeth. This situation occurs when the gingivitis area is severely damaged. When you brush your teeth or chew some hard foods, there will be root bleeding.
@ Tartar and plaque build up much. This is also the case that we often encounter in practice. Due to unclean tooth hygiene, plaque builds hard around the neck of teeth, enabling bacteria to grow. The more tooth lime will be, the more severe gingivitis will become.
@ Mouth smelly. In inflamed gum tissues, bacteria often reside quite a lot, and you cannot clean them up normally. For a long time, they will make your mouth smell bad.
@ Falling gums showing the root of the tooth. When the gums become inflamed, swollen, the gum layer gradually separates the root and causes gum recession. Gingivitis will reveal the dentin, your teeth will be very sensitive to external effects. In addition, it also makes your teeth appear longer than the adjacent normal teeth, and the risk of loose teeth.
@ Inflammation of the gums widens the gap, creating gaps between the teeth. And this makes the food more pleasing to the teeth, leading to a worse situation.
When gingivitis gets worse, it can cause a mild fever and anorexia …
The most common causes of gingivitis
Having an improper oral hygiene. If you only brush your teeth, no remove the remaining plaque after eating. Then the plaque remains in abundance and is a lucrative environment for bacteria that cause gingivitis to develop.
If you are a regular smoker, then you are the most likely to get gingivitis.
Also, in pregnant women, or to the menstrual cycle. The body changes some hormones, and reducing resistance also causes bacteria to grow more.
In some patients with weakened immune systems (diabetes, HIV, etc.), they are also highly infected with gum disease.
If there is not enough saliva in your mouth to balance the moisture, the mouth will dry out. Dry mouth facilitates bacterial growth and leads to gingivitis.
Other problems such as teething, or tooth decay … can also inflame the gums
Having the dangerous complications when not treating gingivitis
Prolonged gingivitis that is not treated will spread to healthy tissues in the roots, the risk of periodontitis. May lead to tooth loss.
In addition, dental diseases always have the potential to increase other diseases such as heart attack, stroke … Pregnant women suffer from periodontal disease, often capable of premature birth …
So how is the correct treatment?
If gingivitis is new, mild swelling occurs. Just clean tartar to prevent bacterial growth.
If the disease has worsened, pus appears. In addition to taking tartar, purifying pus bags, doctors will prescribe some anti-inflammatory drugs.
If the gums are constantly inflamed due to the wisdom teeth has wrong growth. Then after reducing inflammation, you should remove wisdom teeth to avoid the effects of nearby teeth.
The case of developing periodontitis causes loose teeth, soft tissue damage around the teeth. The doctor will proceed to remove the damaged periodontal part; And transplant the gums to keep the tooth from falling off
Prevention effectively of gingivitis
Floss to remove the remaining plaque on your teeth. Can combine wash the mouth with diluted saline.
Brush your teeth at least 2 times a day. Note, brush teeth after eating for 30 minutes and before sleeping. Time to brush your teeth for 2-3 minutes.
Replace a stiff bristle brush with a soft bristle brush, round the tip of the brush hair. Brush teeth gently, rotate vertically to the crown, avoid horizontal brushing.
Supplement foods rich in Vitamin C
Drink enough water for your body every day.
Avoid smoking, reduce alcohol, or high sugar foods such as candies …
Get into the routine of regular oral checkups every 6 months.
Early detection of gum disease and prompt treatment will help you prevent other oral diseases.
Free examination and consultation at:
QUOC BINH DENTAL CLINIC
☎️ Hotline: 0914 83 99 66
19 Pham Hong Thai, Ward 7, Vung Tau City.
28 Le Loi, Ward 4, Vung Tau City